Diaspora Matters

Introduction to SWOT Analysis for SMEs

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One of the must know business tools or techniques is the SWOT Analysis technique. SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis can help you identify and understand key issues affecting your business.

When you have a big business decision to make, one of the smartest things you can do during the planning process is conduct a SWOT analysis. It is an analytical framework that can help your company face its greatest challenges and find its most promising new markets.

SWOT analysis enables organizations to identify both internal and external influences. SWOT’s primary objective is to help organizations develop a full awareness of all the factors involved in a decision. It is impossible to accurately map out a small business’s future without first evaluating it from all angles, which includes an exhaustive look at all internal and external resources and threats.

A SWOT analysis focuses entirely on the four elements namely Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats.

Strengths and Weaknesses: These are the internal factors within an organization.

  • Human resources – staff, volunteers, board members, target population
  • Physical resources – your location, building, equipment
  • Financial – grants, funding agencies, other sources of income
  • Activities and processes – programs you run, systems you employ
  • Past experiences – building blocks for learning and success, your reputation in the community
  • Current processes, such as employee programs, department hierarchies and software

Opportunities and Threats: These are external factors stemming from community or societal forces.

  • Future trends in your field or the culture
  • The economy – local, national, or international
  • Funding sources – foundations, donors, legislatures
  • Demographics – changes in the age, race, gender, culture of those you serve or in your area
  • The physical environment
  • Legislation
  • Local, national, or international events
  • Market trends, like new products and technology or shifts in audience needs
  • Political, environmental and economic regulations

Below is an illustration of a quick SWOT Analysis of The Zimbabwe Business Ideas and Network.

Strengths Opportunities
Large diverse group of members Supportive Government Policies in place to support SMEs
ZBIN Membership made up of a lot of Professionals and Entrepreneurs Regional expansion opportunities
Forum leadership made up of a diverse group of professionals Access to capital and willingness to invest by Diaspora
Active Membership Great Networking & Market Potential
Threats Weaknesses
New entrants to the sector Lack of resources
Slow member registration Part-time leadership
Access to market challenges Diaspora investment not fully appreciated

So what next after drafting a SWOT Analysis document?

Your next step should be to come up with an Action Plan which will guide you in terms of follow up strategies. For instance you may want to take advantage of your strengths or take an advantage of emerging opportunities in your environment. You can come up with top priority areas to action, who will be responsible for what  and when. Make it a practice to always review and update your document. You can even include this document whenever you are reviewing your monthly financial performance

We hope to bring you  more Management Tools and next week we tackle Financial Performance.









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